Recommendations for greenhouse gas emission reduction schedule

Dr. Phan Tung Mau, Vice President of VUSTA delivered a speech

Dr. Phan Tung Mau, Vice President of VUSTA delivered a speech

On May 15th, the Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA) held a workshop on "Comments on the draft of Decree on schedule and methodology for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction” chaired by Dr. Phan Tung Mau – VUSTA’s Vice President

According to total defined emission under normal development conditions of Vietnam, GHG emission reduction will be 6.6% at a minimum by 2025, equivalent  to 40 million tons of CO2, and must reach at least 8% by 2030, equivalent to 62.8 million tons of CO2.

However, the legal basis for GHG reduction inventory, measurement, reporting, verification has not been completed. In addition, mechanisms and policies have not facilitated and encouraged enterprises to invest in mitigating GHG emissions.


Prof. Dr. Sc. Pham Ngoc Dang - Vice President of Vietnam Association for Conservation of Natural and Environment (VACNE)

According to Prof. Dr.Sc. Pham Ngoc Dang - Vice President of VACNE, it is necessary to combine contents of "GHG emission inventory" with " GHG emission measurement, reporting and verification "of this Decree (item 3, article 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33 and item 4 of articles 34, 35, 36 and 37) because it is also important to measure level of GHG emissions and to determine GHG emission reduction from production and service establishments while implementing of GHG inventory.

Moreover, GHG inventory and measurement activities are very important that requires specific regulations and technical guidelines as well as professional skilled workers to ensure needed accuracy and to easily deploy nationwide.

Therefore, it is necessary to precisely define which type of production and service facilities to be inspected and measured GHG emissions, and who will be responsible for carrying out such inspections and measurements. Article 30 of the Decree on "GHG emission inventory" states that:

  • The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) shall be focal point agency to coordinate with concerned ministries and sectors to conduct national periodic GHG emission inventory activity for every two years.
  • People's Committees of provinces shall implement provincial periodic GHG emission inventory activity for every two years.


Under these regulations, a situation may occur that a production or service facility can be inspected by both central and provincial management agencies while the other ones may be missed.

Therefore, in my opinion, this Decree should only include essential principles and regulations for GHG inventory and measurement. After the Decree is promulgated, MONRE should immediately issue a circular to guide GHG emission inventory and measurement. By doing that, dozen of pages of the Decree’s Annex can be removed.


Prof. Dr. Sc. Nguyen Duc Ngu, Director of Center of Science and Technology on Hydrology Meteorology and Environment

In term of terminologies used in the Decree, Prof. Dr. Nguyen Duc Ngu from Center of Science and Technology on Hydrology Meteorology and Environment and Prof. Dr. Pham Ngoc Dang   have all agreed that, in Article 3 of the Decree, the phrase "in the future" should be replaced by "by the end of 21st century" because the target 2oC is global political commitment to control dangerous human interference with the climate system.

The scenario of GHG emissions under business-as-usual (BAU) is a forecast of GHG emission trend without any efforts to mitigate GHG emissions while implementing social-economic development programs, thus the phrase of “Normally(Bình thường)” should be changed to “Generally(Thông thường)” to be suitable to article 3.


Prof. Dr. Tran Hieu Nhue from VACNE

According to Prof. Dr. Tran Hieu Nhue from VACNE, the BAU scenario in Vietnam’s INDC was submitted by the Government of Vietnam to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Secretariat, only mentioned the 787.4 million tons of CO2 by 2030 while no specific data on GHG emissions of the 2025 period is found, which is not sufficient because the draft Decree has mapped out the target of reduction by 2025 and 2030 accordingly. At the workshop, participants provided comments for the draft Decree to become more reasonable and high feasible. In conclusion, Dr. Phan Tung Mau,   spoke that this is a Decree regulating activities in a technically complicated field, scientific results - based regulations, comply to international commitments therefore, it is necessary to add more contents about State mandatory management.



Participants at the workshop

Author: HT