Consultation on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity

Posted at: MONday - 13/10/2014 09:50 - post name: Cộng tác viên

 
Consultation on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity

Approximately 30 participants who are policy makers and scientists attended the conference “Consultation on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction” organized by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Associations on 8th October.

 The conference transmitted the messages and further consultation on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction for the conservation direction of marine resources towards a sustainable future.

In the conference, the delegates focused to clarify the concept of sea outside national jurisdiction, Vietnam's biodiversity, conservation status and exploitation of marine resources. In addition, the conference also introduced the legal framework and the process of discussion at the United Nations on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS) stipulated that, the area outside national jurisdiction including: Water column outside exclusive economic zone, or beyond the territorial sea without exclusive economic zone which was declared, known as the "sea" (Article 86) and the seabed beyond the limits of the continental shelf, which was established in accordance with Article 76 of the Convention, known as the "zone".

Mr. Nguyen The Dong - Deputy General Director of Environment Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment said: Until now, the sea beyond national jurisdiction is governed by a number of international legal instruments in global and regional levels. In particular, UNCLOS is the international legal instruments at the global level which is a comprehensive legal framework for the world's oceans and seas; governing regulations  for all uses of the oceans and marine resources.

In addition, the Convention on Biodiversity in 1992 is an additional tool for effective conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity. The States Parties to the Convention on Biodiversity are required to strictly implement and consistent with the rights and obligations of States under the provisions of UNCLOS ".

"Despite legal system in both national and international level, however, marine biodiversity resources in areas beyond national jurisdiction are under increasing pressure from human impacts. In particular, there are arisen unreasonable and unfair in conservation, management and sustainable use of these resources "- Mr. Dong said.

Talking about conservation, Dr. Du Van Toan - Institute for Sea and Islands said: The Island of marginal seas in international sea with rich biodiversity resources such as Tran Island, Co To, Bach Long Vi, Ly Son, Phu Quy, Hoang Sa, Truong Sa, Cu Lao Cham ... need to be evaluated and research. Besides, there should be support for research to partition the marginal seas (jurisdiction of Vietnam) that serves international cooperation, protection of natural resources beyond areas of jurisdiction.

But according to Dr. Dao Viet Ha - Institute of Oceanography:  Vietnam must invest procurement of modern research vessel; sync and build modern laboratories of genetics, toxins and biodiversity which meet the current needs.

Meanwhile, in view of Dr. Nguyen Van Cu, member of the Presidium of Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Associations, if we want to use and conserve the biodiversity in deep waters and far beyond national jurisdiction, we need to conserve and sustainably use the biodiversity of our waters. And for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in domestic marine areas, we need to protect the endemic species and ecological wonders.

Mr. Cu emphasized: "Protection must be linked to sustainable exploitation based on a general plan which is built from the foundation of science and technology. Protecting marine biodiversity must be linked to national security, safety at sea, especially in international waters. "

Nguyen Bich

Translated by Nga Nguyen

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