Waving up in the East Sea, more evidence proving Paracels and Spratlys belonging to Vietnam

Posted at: WEDnesday - 21/05/2014 14:02 - post name: Nguyễn Thị Thùy

Paracels Archipelago was drawn precisely in detail in the range from 16th to 17th latitude and from 109th to 111th longitudes.

Paracels Archipelago was drawn precisely in detail in the range from 16th to 17th latitude and from 109th to 111th longitudes.

The map of Phillippe Vandermaelen – a brilliant geographer, published in 1827 has proven to Viet Nam's sovereignty over the Paracels and Spratlys.

 The Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) received the map on the 13th, May. The map is given in the context of China is illegally drilling HD-981 oil platform in Vietnam territorial waters and continuously having threatening actions and attacking Vietnam Coast Guard vessels.

Paracels and Spratlys belong to Vietnam

The World Atlas comprising six volumes with seven general maps of five continents, 381 detailed maps, 40 pages of statistics and chapters on natural, political and mineral geography has published in 1982 by Phillippe Vandermaelen.

Professor Nguyen Quang Ngoc, Vice chairman of Institute of Vietnamese Studies and Development Sciences (Ha Noi National University) and his post-graduates in France with Authority of Information Service and MIC have directly collected the World Atlas

According to Prof. Nguyen Quang Ngoc, Vietnam’s territory is introduce in  the four detailed maps no. 97, 105, 106, and 110 in the Atlas. The Partie De la Cochichine map is the 106th map with the coastline from the Central part from the 12th Parallel to 16th Parallel. In offshore, Paracel (Hoang Sa) was drawn in detail and preciseness from the 16th to the 17th Latitude and from 19th to 111th Longtitude. Beside the Paracels, the map also summarized information of An Nam Emprire (Emprire d’An-nam).

Prof. Ngoc emphasized that, close to the Parites la Chochichine is the map 98 named Partie de la Chine up above from 18th to 21st Latitude and from 106th to 114th Longitude drawing Guangdong and Hainan Island. This showed that the Chinese southernmost boundary was not going to the 18th Latitude. All of Chinese maps from the beginning of 20th century backwards were completely similar to Western maps that China southernmost territories was not surpass to the 18th Latitude.


Mr. Ngoc said that these not only reflect the objectivity and preciseness of the Atlas, but also contribute to increase the value to prove Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Paracels (Hoang Sa).

Exchanging with Dat Viet reporter, Prof. Nguyen Quang Ngoc told that if it just was a map, the legal value would not be highly valued but these were drawn precisely with modern technology. Besides that, the maps were drawn by a scientist of a country not relating this area so that them were drawn honestly objectively and marked sovereignty clearly and coherently.

 “We have had a lot of map but I think that, these maps are much more valuable than those I knew. This is International acknowledge to Vietnam’s sovereignty over Paracels (Hoang Sa) and Spratlys (Truong Sa)” said Prof. Nguyen Quang Ngoc.

Vietnam will definitely win China

After ceremony to receive and unveil the 1827 World Atlas, Prof. Nguyen Quang Ngoc answered the question whether Vietnam can win China if we take the case to International Tribunal that “Vietnam have not tended to begin legal case against China to International Tribunal because of many reasons before but after China drilling oil platform in Vietnam territorial water, I say that there are no reason to not take a legal action. We must to follow till end and I strong believe that Vietnam will win China.”

Prof. Nguyen Quang Ngoc also said that all of evidences are important but they must be collected suitably together to form power source of truth.

Before that, Mr. Tran Cong Truc – Former Head of Vietnam’s Sovereign Boundaries Department also said that Vietnam will surely win if we begin a legal case against China to International Tribunal because HD-981 of China operating completely in exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of Vietnam.

Lawyer Hoang Ngoc Giao - Director of Institute for Research on Policy, Law and Development also said in Tuoi Tre newspaper that beginning legal case against China was an urgent task.

According to Mr. Giao, the world knows that China had used force to seize Vietnam’s Paracels 40 years ago. Using force to seize other nation’s territorial sovereignty is violating the Charter of UN. Until now, by drilling HD-981 oil rig, China have blatantly violated Vietnam sovereignty and seriously violated 1982 UNCLOS. Pursuant to the Regulation in 1982 UNCLOS, we definitely can begin a legal case against China.

Commenting on China claims that it is right but does not dare to confront in lawsuits, Mr. Hoang Ngoc Giao said that Leaders of China know that they are violating international law but with thoughts of Great Han and big nation wanting to change world order and reset “rules of game”, their violations of international law can be seen as trying to break down regulations of international laws be detrimental to its hegemony interests. Since then they can impose “rules and styles” in international relations.

Author: Translated by Nga Nguyen
Article reviews
Total notes of this article: 0 in 0 rating
Click on stars to rate this article