Uncle Ho: a strategic vision on personality’s building

Posted at: TUEsday - 12/06/2007 16:03 - post name: Administrator


In the early 1960’s, President Ho Chi Minh decided to invite the Politburo members coming once a month to his house on stilts in the Presidency palace for eating pie biscuits, drinking tea and proceeding to criticism and self-criticism. The first one to start it was the President himself. This practice only took place for some times, because the Politburo members... were not enthusiastic in it. He said: “So, it is no more good pie biscuit as well as tasteful tea”... The story was just a half century “auld lang syne”, but if we ponder over it, we will see that, for building the discipline spirit to leaders, it is not so simplistic when each one of us did not know himself accordingly.

1. The strong will for fighting against opportunism, embezzlement, squandering, bureaucratism, cryonism, flattering, bad habits in society and in each individual.

Ho Chi Minh admitted that a nation with many embezzlers, squanderers, bureaucratics, cryonists, flatterers, is a nation without patriotism. The patriotism excludes embezzling, squandering, but means one for all, all for one, living for the cause, for the work, fullfilling the duties of the builder and the protector.

Many persons are talking glibly, incessantly about: for the people, for the people’s sake, for the people’s interest... but if there is someone touching upon their power, they immediately fling themselves like a wild beast.

There are people seeking for all means to abase, humiliate themselves, to flatter, adulate with scurvy tricks for being promoted. There are those who sticks persistently, stubbornly at their boss/ employer until they accaparate a position. These types of people have got very evil intentions manifested in the fact that when their boss loses his position, they shall be ready to turn their back upon for criticizing, belittling him.

In fact, there are not few people like that. In the history, such a plight had occurred frequently. There exist persons benefiting from their working position as “dispatching the people” for distributing “chairs” to others so that others, on their turn, shall “distribute”, “pay tribute” by goods in nature to them. It is just a fair, equitable exchange of merchandises. This “reciprocity” will bring about profits to both sides. There are persons who are well aware of misdeeds by people around them, but they have to turn blind eyes to them, for knowing that if they “touch upon” them, they shall be “touched upon” infallibly. So “peaceful coexistence” is needed for better living.

2. The self-criticism and criticism spirit

The Ho Chi Minh standpoint on self-criticism and criticism is mainly aimed at self-remoulding and helping each other for correction of defects / faults, thus ensuring the work to be increasingly better. The criticism also deals with internal disunity, thus consolidating the mutual understanding and cohesion.

He required the self criticism and criticism for others must be frantical, thorough, sincere without indulgence, without further addition or reduction. It is necessary to indicate both good and bad points, without using ironical, mocking words or vitriolic accusation...

From a realistic viewpoint, the self examination, self criticism and mutual criticism... are still very poor, and its root causes rely in the fact that the internal struggle of some communists, mostly those in the leading position, is still short of audacity, of straightforward spirit. There are Vietnamese communists very audacious, peremptory, indomitable versus enemies, but when confronting with comrades, they are usually hesitating, weavering, indulgent, rightist...         

3. Political vision and revolutionary virtue, personality of the cadre

The Ho Chi Minh virtue / personality is built on political vision. That is nil feudal, capitalist virtue, but the Vietnamese characteristic virtue. Ours must be manifested in righteousness, charity, justice, wit, courage, integrity, diligence, frugality, fairness and equality.

To build an ethical, democratic, equitable, civilised, progressive is Ho Chi Minh’s living ideal. He was anxious about an amoral society, about an unethical, decadent, degenerate contingent of cadres, because amorality shall engender umpteen disasters he had himself witnessed in many places worldwide. Therefore, the issues of social ethic, human moral are life-long concern of his.

All his life, he called for emancipation of people in an independent, free nation. His first ever writing in his revolutionary activities was about the virtue. His last writing was also about the virtue.

He argumented: “Just as a river requiring the source to be provided with water; without source, the river runs dry. The tree is bound to have roots; without roots, the tree will wither. A revolutionary must abide by ethical principles; without ethics, he could not lead people, despite his talent and qualifications.

4. Building the Party and training the cadres

During his life’s activities, Ho Chi Minh spoke much about Party building and cadres training. For the time being, in our Party building and cadres training, there remain still far too much works to  be discussed and to be done.

About cadres, by our negligence in nurturing cadres, by our wrong arrangement / positioning of cadres, by inserting private feeling / sentiment into cadres’ affairs, so many persons had been worried and distressed, especially persons with genuine talent but not fairly, suitably employed. Many cadres being reluctant to learn, to study, with low level of know ledge, unable to identify the issues and to recognise who is who, much affecting the arrangement and use of cadres.

Ho Chi Minh admitted, through many years’ activities, our Party had led our people to successfully implement the nationalist, democratic revolution of the whole country, oriented to socialism. However, the Party still commits many defaults, and “If ever we do not firmly correct our defaults, it is tantamount to hiding the diseases in our body, not daring to take medicaments, for letting free way to diseases being more serious, thus endangering our very life”. He classified the defaults into three categories: 1. “Defaults on ideology, i.e. the defaults by subjectivity; 2. Defaults on relationship between inside and outside of the Party, i.e. the defaults by hard heartedness; 3. Defaults by the way of talking and writing, i.e. the defaults by bragging”.

“These are three very dangerous diseases. If not treated at once, they shall be contagious, infectious, extremely dangerous”.

Ho Chi Minh’s observation on the root cause of subjectivity disease being: low level of theory, despise of theory, idle / empty theory, theory not linked with practice.

The hard heartedness disease is a very dangerous one, being contracted by many cadres and Party members. This disease is manifested in localism, sectorialism, individualism, greediness of fame, of position, belittling / keeping back talented men, prioritarily using mean relatives / acquainted people.

Subjectivity, hard heartedness diseases are originated from liver, heart with destroying effects from inside to outside.

Bragging, talkativeness, despite being skin disease, yet not less dangerous. This disease is conducive to careless speaking, writing, talkativeness, boastfulness, contemption...

For rising ideological quality of cadres and Party members, Ho Chi Minh called for them to early treatment / curing the above mentioned diseases by a miraculous medicine: urgent, frantical self criticism and mutual criticism in the Party.


Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Duc Vuong
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