Ho Chi Minh and the virtuous & talented persons outside the Party (Communist)

Posted at: FRIday - 29/08/2008 14:52 - post name: Administrator

Ho Chi Minh and the virtuous & talented persons outside the Party (Communist)

In September 2nd 1945, President Ho Chi Minh on behalf of the Provisional Government solemnly read the Independence Declaration. “Our history teach us that: When we unite each other, our country is independent, when we separate, our country shall be ruled over bye foreign invaders”. The conclusion put forth by Ho Chi Minh since the 8th central Party Conference dated May 1941 with the establishment of the Vietnam Independence League (Viet Minh) at Pac Bo, Cao Bang, was once again checked and accepted.

“ I would like to listen to your ideas”

The reminiscence memoirs of Mr. Phan Anh had mentioned, some days after the Ceremony of Independence Declaration, at the Government Palace, was held the meeting with patriotic personages, intellectuals’ circles. At first, I thought that surely we came to listen to the instruction of the Uncle. But when every body sat down at ease, the Uncle spoke: “I would like to listen to your ideas”.

In compliance with ideas by intellectuals, patriotic personages, in end December 1945, President Ho Chi Minh signed the Decree to set up the Commission for Studying the construction plan. At the beginning, the Commission comprised 40 members to be enlarged subsequently, involving many meritorious persons. Participants to the Commission included many members of the Provisional Government such as Pham Van Dong, Vo Nguyen Giap. But the Commission Chairman was Mr. Phan Anh – former Minister of the Tran Trong Kim Government under the then occupation by Japanese fascism.

Coming into being when the Provisional Government had finished the Draft Constitution and published to national referendum, but the Commission with a vast majority of non communist members had regrouped the intelligentsia from patriotic personages, intellectuals at that time to put forth another Draft constitution for submitting to the Government. As per the History of Vietnam Government 1945 – 1955 (National Political Publishing House 2006), the two Drafts had been put into cross examination. On such basis, in early 1946, the sub Commission on Constitution of National Assembly had worked out a new draft to be submitted to the National Assembly for approval.

All heart and mind to follow Ho Chi Minh

Prof. Luu Van Dat, Presidium member of the Vietnam Fatherland Front, is a rare historical witness still living until now. When the August Revolution broke out, Mr. Dat at 25 years of age, graduated in the law section of the Indochinese University with two other high education diplomas. In March 1946, Mr. Dat worked with the Ministry of National Economy as a member of the Construction Committee. “The prestige of Ho Chi Minh was very great, so almost Hanoi intellectuals were oriented towards him, responded to and supported the Resistance Government. The authority apparatus from communes to central level had involved young peoples, intellectuals, scholars preponderantly being outside the Communist Party” – Mr. Dat reminisced. He remarked, the Construction Committee was Ho Chi Minh’s specific initiative admitting too many talented, virtuous scholars.

After the defeat of Japanese fascism, there appeared many sects, parties with different political viewpoints, methodologies seeking for any ways to share power while the armies of China (Shang Kai Shek), England, France were intending to take away our country by force. Confronting such a situation, under the supple leadership of Ho Chi Minh, the Vietnam Independence League (Viet Minh), the Vietnam National Party (Viet Quoc), the Vietnam Revolutionary Alliance Society (Viet Cach) had negotiated for reaching an unified standpoint to consider national independence and solidarity as a supreme target, to support general Elections.

In January 1st 1946, the Provisional Government with 15 members – involving the Communist Party, the Democratic Party as well as patriotic personages, intellectuals outside the Parties was enlarged to a Coalition Government with many seats reserved to two opposition parties. The Constitutional Assembly was elected with 57% representatives belonging to various parties, and 43% non party members.

For realizing the whole people solidarity, limiting the dissidence among various forces, at the first conference of the Constitutional Assembly in March 2nd 1946, 333 elected representatives had approved the proposal of President Ho to add 70 seats for representatives from Viet Quoc and Viet Cach parties without being voted at the General election. The Conference session had approved the Constitution of the Vietnam Democratic Republic; elected Ho Chi Minh as President, Nguyen Hai Than from Viet Cach as Vice President. The Conference session had entrusted Ho Chi Minh and Nguyen Hai Than to form the Coalition Government of Resistance comprising 12 members being patriotic personages, eminent intellectuals, and to set up Counsellor Group led by Mr. Vinh Thuy (ex King Bao Dai).

The memoirs of Mr. Phan Anh noted: “At that time, the French press had to acknowledge: The quintessence of intellectuals circle was all following President Ho Chi Minh, so that the France could hardly set up a Vietnamese prestigious apparatus to collaborate with France”. Such as the real situation. Even previously there were some personages not yet sympathic with the Communist Party such as imperial envoy great dignitary Phan Ke Toai, Minister of Justice Bui Bang Doan having also traveled up hill and down dale to the North Vietnam maquis for participating in the protracted resistance war.

Treating well and using talented, virtuous personages at important functions

In 1947, on behalf of the Government, President Ho invited several intellectuals, talented personages to be in charge of key functions in the central apparatus. Lawyer Phan Anh was entrusted as Minister of Economic Affairs; Mr. Hoang Minh Giam, central member of the Socialist Party, entrusted as Minister of Foreign Affairs; the scientist Ta Quang Buu entrusted as Minister of National Defense; Mr. Dang Van Huong, former Minister of the Hue Royal Court, entrusted as Minister without portfolio; MD Vu Dinh Tung – a catholic, entrusted as Minister of War Invalids & Veterans, Mr. Phan Ke Toai ex-Imperial Envoy under the puppet government Tran Trong Kim entrusted as Minister of Home Affairs. Mr. Phan Ke Toai, Phan Anh, Ta Quang Buu also participated to the Supreme National Defense Council comprising 6 members.

Besides Agriculture Engineer Ngo Tan Nhon, a southern intellectual was nominated as Minister of Agriculture; lawyer, ethnologist Nguyen Van Huyen was entrusted as Minister of Education; the lawyer – founder of the Democratic Party Vu Dinh Hoe was entrusted as Minister of Justice; Vice Secretary General of Democratic Party Tran Dang Khoa was entrusted as Minister of Communication & Transport… The Ministers – great intellectuals had formed the “backbone” of the Government to steer and row the resistance boat.

The Resistance War having won victory, the peace reestablished in the North, on September 20th 1955, at the 5th Conference session, as per proposal of President Ho, the National Assembly legislature I approved the decision to perfect the Government comprising 17 ministries, 19 members. All the ministers – great intellectuals from the previous term of office continued to retain their important responsibility, re-inforced by Medicine Doctor Hoang Tich Tri, scientist Vice Secretary General of the Socialist Party Nguyen Xien, the Agriculture engineer, central member of the Democratic Party Nguyen Xuan Yem… In total, there were 10 seats of ministers entrusted to scholars, intellectuals in the Government from 1955 to 1960. That was a period with many intellectuals outside the Communist Party to be Government members.

Nghia Nhan


Author: Nghia Nhan
Source: Source: phapluattp.vn (9/7/2008)
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