Press in the context of development challenges of social networks today!

Posted at: FRIday - 29/12/2017 13:49 - post name: Cộng tác viên

 

The development of social networks is a reality and a challenge in many fields, especially in information – press, whereby Facebook accounts are sometimes even more powerful than the news on the press.

Challenge standards and constraints

Non-standard news constantly appears and its authenticity is more confirmed when news agencies that are considered official follow by news and articles to formalize the rumors. The challenges to the press agencies in general are not in the capacity of each newspaper, but rather in the tiny text below the banner of any newspaper: “The mouthpiece of…”.

Although the electronic publications of newspapers, magazines, and even “electronic newspapers” also face the challenges from social networks which are inherently not bound by any “principle, purpose”, or never subject to inherent censorship of anyone involved in the press. The outrageous, sometimes excessive freedom, of typical social networking sites like Facebook has made newspapers at times run “by the ear” either to keep up with news spreading and coverage speed or to perform the task of “standardizing”, “correcting” the information arising on social networks like mushrooms after rain.

It is difficult when cyberspace has become a place with all types of information as the society we are living in. The fighting against the storms of information on the Internet has never been successful, no different than actual prevention of floods and storms. While preventive measures have not been much effective, many techniques to crack, fix IP, cross the firewall… are spread all over the cyberspace. Not to mention the examples from the United States when the FBI has asked Facebook to provide account identity of the terrorists but Facebook dared to deny. It surprised many people who are not familiar with the guarantee of personal secrets and think that the arrest of criminals is the ultimate task of the investigative body.

As a certainty, when the things mentioned above are still unfamiliar and the whole system does not want to control the harm, contrary is inevitable. A teacher in Ninh Binh also told the author about last year story when her student posted the “memories of student life” on Facebook, including the “defamation” of the school and the emotional sense of education, a dispatch was immediately sent from the Ministry to the Department, from the Department to school, and from the school to her.

Since then, not only her but all the teachers in the school were warned to avoid the “higgledy-piggledy” speeches on social networking. In case of offense, the teachers could be subject to reminder, warning, and finally discipline. It is a miserably hard situation when cyber space is not managed or regulated by teachers!

Technology cannot be later than rules

This is about people whose interaction with cyberspace is not always a routine and a way of life. Looking at the press today, people clearly see the dependence on technology.

Even a smart phone can help reporters work easily, from recording, taking photographs, filming, making clips to live broadcasting the events in which they participate.

This is an inevitable consequence of science and technology development which causes the computer industry to shrink and make room for the boom of exciting smart devices. Smart phones have now blurred the boundaries between computers and handheld devices, between telecommunications equipment and information technology equipment.

People, especially reporters, are using smartphones not only to work but also to help their colleagues to catch up and communicate the progress of all social events through mobile hotspot function. The one-stage convergent newspaper house has become fashionable, towards the goal of becoming a virtual “sales” space within the agency itself.

And as an inevitable consequence from a following management model, rules are drafted, passed, and implemented as if they would cover all aspects. Smart phones, which are inherently a combination of traditional telephones and modern technologies, are subject to the Information Technology Law. Meanwhile, the Telecommunications Law does not “abandon” computers. And the most recent, the Internet Information Security Law has been promulgated with the ambition to frame invisible but very real information.

Of course, there are reasons for state management agencies to worry about cyberspace. It is clear that smart phones have now been multitasking and the risk of hacking, spreading, attacking by spyware, malicious code can also come from any smart phone. Whereas, even when having “thousands of eyes and thousands of hands”, a system can hardly resist all types of more and more sophisticated attacks. Not to mention attacks on users’ will.

Attempts to use the law, technology to prevent what is considered harmful, contrary, corruptive to ethics, good habits and customs seem commendable although it’s not quite the battle between Don Quixote and the windmills.

There are more worrisome things

The formation of cyberspace is essential when science and technology is as close to the most highfalutin imagination of humankind. And because of the connection with humans, cyberspace also brings along joy, anger, sadness, etc.

Although called “virtual”, cyberspace is still based on an infrastructure and equipment system. Science and technology has spawned a flood of routers, smart connection devices, and blackstone built-in smartphones. It’s worth saying that in Vietnam, most of these things are originated from China. Whether the risks are high or not still needs to be answered transparently, despite the presence of many Chinese technology groups in Vietnam.

By browsing the situation of local press, in early 2015, Thanh Nien Newspaper published a series of five issues “Huawei wolf and telecommunications security risks for Vietnam”. This series quoted the Report released by the Vietnam Information Security Association in April 2013 that six out of seven telecommunications operators in Vietnam are using technology equipment from Huawei and ZTE. Particularly, more than 30,000 BTS stations of Vietnamese operators use the equipment of these two groups.

The series also indicates that countries such as the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and India have long banned Huawei. Michael Hayden, former Director of the National Security Agency and the Central Intelligence Agency, bluntly asserted that Huawei was spying for Beijing. In the middle of last year, BKAV conducted a survey and found that 332,440 equipment in Vietnam has Pichost security holes, especially serious on Routers which are the system’s gateway to connect to the Internet. It is even more dangerous than Hestic, one of the biggest security holes in the Internet history.

It’s worth mentioning that 93% of routers are produced in China, including TP Link, ZTE, Havi and D-Link, and the fact that hundreds of thousands of system gateways and millions of smart devices are faulty is an evident risk to the national security. And this was even acknowledged by Minister Truong Minh Tuan at the Government’s news conference in August 2016 when he said that many large operators like VNPT and Viettel used Chinese equipment, including Havi and ZTE.

However, perhaps the above-mentioned risks of cybersecurity in Vietnam is not the worst thing to worry about. In fact, the recent research and manufacture of robotics in Facebook has shown that the human imagination is about to come true. This imagination has been depicted in films about the war between robots and humans, the war between machine and mankind, and the war between other planets and the Earth.

It is driven by artificial intelligence (AI) which was originally created by scientists with extreme pride. However, AI inventors at Facebook had to destroy it after they discovered that AI had developed a new language system. That also means that AI has become a real living robot.

The news depicts that normally, this AI machine is practiced in English, but it seems to get bored with the nuances and inconsistencies of this language. Instead of continuing to do so, it has developed a coding system to make communication more efficient.

What worries researchers is that the phrases used by this AI appear to be meaningless to them but significant to other AIs. This allows AIs to communicate with each other while the researchers cannot understand what information they are sharing.

During a talk, two robots named Bob and Alice abandoned the English grammar rules and started communicating using the language they created themselves. Bob said, “I can i i everthing else” and Alice replied, “Balls have zero to me to me to me...” The rest of the conversation went on like that.

The inventors were frightened by the seemingly meaningless things. After a period of discussion, Facebook’s research team decided their robots had to speak in English, partly because they wanted the robots to talk to humans. But they have to admit they cannot understand what AIs say.

Summary

While the world has seen cyberspace as a society and they are concerned about the greater risks that can destroy the world, we are still struggling with the low level of technological development. Therefore, virtual space is often understood as real by the readers. The concern of our country has long since settled by many countries by a legal foundation and legislation in parallel to fundamental rights of humans.

Author: PV.
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