Organizational and Personnel Model of local Unions

Posted at: MONday - 29/08/2016 16:05 - post name: Cộng tác viên

 
Organizational and Personnel Model of local Unions

In more than 30 years of establishment and development, through 6 Congresses, the Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA) has gradually asserted its position and important roles of a socio-political organization with a system from the central union to provincial and municipal unions. The organizational systems of the central union and provincial and municipal unions have been strengthened, enhanced and constantly developed. To date, VUSTA has 141 member associations (78 national Science and Technology associations and 63 province/city’s unions) with over 2.5 million members.

As an organization with a system of unions at central level and provincial/municipal level, VUSTA is very interested in strengthening and developing organizations in the system. By the end of 2014, VUSTA has completed the objective of developing unions in all 63 provinces and cities all over the country.

Implementing the Directive No. 42-CT/TW dated April 16, 2010 of the Politburo and the Notice No. 353-TB/TW of the Central Secretariat, VUSTA took the initiative to propose to the Party Personnel Committee of the Ministry of Home Affairs of developing the Scheme to strengthen the organizational structure of the central union and provincial, municipal unions. The Central Secretariat has approved the Scheme and the Ministry of Home Affairs directs the People's Committees of provinces and municipalities to implement following the spirit of the Dispatch No. 327/BNV-TCPCP dated January 19, 2012.

Over the past time, many local unions have developed organization consolidation schemes and are facilitated by provincial People’s Committees to strengthen organizational structure of the unions, assigning staff and ensuring the material facilities for the operations of local unions.

The organizational structure and staff of local unions after organization consolidation has had certain changes. Before the Directive No. 42-CT/TW dated April 16, 2010, each local union has 5-6 staff and contracted officers on average. After the Dispatch No. 327/BNV-TCPCP dated January 19, 2012, many local unions developed their organization consolidation schemes and were approved by the provincial People's Committees. To date, each local union has 8-9 staff and contracted officers on average. In particular, Binh Phuoc Provincial Union has 23 people. Along with staff increase, many local unions are provided with head offices and additional equipment for the work; funding for operations also attracts more attention.

Regarding the apparatus, according to statistics of the Organization and Personnel Department, by June 2016, 32 local unions have consolidated the organization model of standing agencies including offices and 2 professional departments, 9 local unions have consolidated the organization model of standing agencies including offices and 3 or more professional departments.

As a current reality, the number of officers of each local union has increased, but each committee or office of the local unions only has 2-3 people, which is not really sufficient to meet work demands. According to survey data, the number of officers working at the local unions only fulfills about 60-80% of assigned tasks. Besides, some local unions still have inadequate apparatus and insufficient officers required for the work. They only have a few officers and contracts and are not provided with head offices and budget for operations (Nam Dinh Provincial Union, Ha Nam Provincial Union). Therefore, there are many difficulties in the performance of duties of a socio-political organization.

So far, local unions are primarily formed in two types of models: Full-time and part-time.

- Full-time model includes major types as follows:

Model of full-time leadership in which Standing leaders and assisting apparatus of the Unions are in working age. The President, Vice President, and Secretary General are managed by the Standing Committee of Provincial Party Committee, officers and employees are entitled to the same regimes as of departments and agencies (officer planning, retraining and use is directed by the province). The President, Vice President, and Secretary General are entitled to the same regimes and policies as civil servants and specialists. Currently, this model is likely to increase in many unions, especially in the Northern provinces (Hai Duong Provincial Union, Ninh Binh Provincial Union, Thai Binh Provincial Union, Phu Tho Provincial Union, Bac Giang Provincial Union, Ha Giang Provincial Union etc.).

 

As for this model, the union president works in accordance with a full-time regime in the working age: According to the statistics of the Organization and Personnel Department of VUSTA, 20 out of 63 unions have full-time president in the working age. Many of them are leaders of provincial departments and agencies who are transferred to work full-time and elected in the provincial union congress (head of the provincial propaganda committee, director/vice director of the department of science and technology etc). Besides, in some localities, key officers of the union are elected to the position of union president. Currently, many localities implement leadership planning scheme for the such positions as president, vice president, secretary general of the union.

Model of full-time leadership in which the majority of standing union leaders is former leaders of the provincial Party Committee, People’s Committee or former leaders of Departments and Agencies. They have retired and are nominated and elected by the provincial Party Committee and People’s Committee at the congress. Leaders and specialists of the union’s departments are in the working age in the regular staff of the union or of the Departments and Agencies and concurrently working for the union. This model is relatively popular in the Southern provinces (Can Tho Provincial Union, Long An Provincial Union etc.).

 

With this model, union Presidents working in full-time regime are officers out of the working age (retired) in the Party, government’s authorities. To date, 27 out of 63 local union whose presidents are retired officers (former key leaders of the province: secretary, deputy secretary of the provincial party committees, chairman, vice chairman of the people’s committee, or leaders of departments and agencies in the province, head of the provincial propaganda committee, etc.).

 

- Part-time model includes:

+ Model of part-time leadership in which the Unions’ Presidents are leaders of the Provincial Party Committee, People's Committee and other departments and agencies who are about to retire and gradually transferred to permanently working for the union and the Union assisting apparatus who are employees in the working age. Some provinces have this model are Hung Yen Provincial Union, Thai Nguyen Provincial Union, Son La Provincial Union.

+ Model of part-time leadership in which the majority of part-time leaders participate in the union’s operations. As for this model, the leadership and management apparatus are considerably associated with the form of part-time work. This is a typical pattern of many Unions which have been established and put into operation. It can be said that Ha Nam Provincial Union and Nam Dinh Provincial Union are typical of this model.

According to this model, the key leaders of the province often concurrently serve as the presidents of the provincial unions. So far, of the 63 local Unions, 16 local Union Presidents are leaders of the provincial authorities and sectors (of which 06 people are the Deputy Secretary of the provincial Party Committee, Chairman/Vice Chairman of the provincial People’s Committees, 08 people are leaders of departments and agencies: Head of the provincial Propaganda Committee, Director/Deputy Director of the Department of Science and Technology and 02 people are the dean and manager of universities...).

For local unions which have Party and Youth Union organizations, the president of the local union is concurrently the secretary of its Party and Youth Union organizations. 48 out of 63 local unions now have Party and Youth Union organizations.

Features of the organizational structure model of the local unions are quite diverse, which thereby has certain impacts on the union’s operational efficiency. To contribute to make VUSTA and provincial and municipal unions become a stable and strong socio-political organization in 2020, the issue of continued strengthening and consolidation of organizational apparatus and leaders of local union is extremely important in the current period.

In order to improve the operational efficiency of the unions of scientific and technological associations, it is necessary to study and propose an organizational and personnel model of local unions based on analysis and research of effective models as well as the models with difficulties in operation and deployment. Thereby we can draw the model appropriate with the union’s functions and tasks in the present conditions of our country.

Author: Bui Kim Tuyen - the Department for Organization and Personnel
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