Comment on the draft National Program of high technology development until 2030
On March 3, in Hanoi, Viet Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA) organized the workshop "Comment on draft National Program of high technology development until 2030". The workshop was chaired by two Vice Presidents of VUSTA, Dr. Phan Tung Mau and Dr. Sc Nghiem Vu Khai.
Dr. Phan Tung Mau - Vice President of VUSTA gives an opening speech
Dr. Sc. Nghiem Vu Khai - Vice President of VUSTA
In recent years, hi-tech development has gained significant achievements and created momentum for further development in the future. However, taking the long-term perspective, it is highly necessary to prepare manpower, strategic investment and raise awareness of innovation for high technology development, this helps Viet Nam to avoid lagging behind and Vietnamese enterprises to lose out in their home market and global markets. The National Program of high technology development until 2030 would be a basic tool for assisting leaders at all levels in raising awareness of management and strengthening technological innovation capacity of Viet Nam’s enterprises.
Dr. Mai Ha - President of Intellectual Property Association
Speaking at the workshop, Dr. Mai Ha, President of Intellectual Property Association confirmed that the overall goal of the 2030 Program draft is similar to the National Program of high technology development until 2020 approved by the Prime Minister at Decision No. 2457/QD-TTg dated December 31, 2010. Should the 2030 Program add the field of environmental protection, high-tech agriculture while a key factor - high technology human resources development is not enshrined in. In addition, other items a, b, c are almost identical to the 2020 Program including the targets: creating at least 10 high technologies at advanced level in the region; the production value of high-tech industry increasing at around 30% of total industrial production value; forming and developing around 200 enterprises making products and supplying high-tech services and at least 80 enterprises applying high technology in key economic regions. Therefore, all goals to 2025 and targets to 2030 of the 2030 Program need to be reconsidered. It seems major goals of the 2030 Program are not much different, these goals are likely to achieve without a need of a national high-tech development program to 2030. That means, after 10 years, the results of the whole program were almost insignificant, said Ha.
However, according to Dr. Ha, in order to ensure feasible Program, the Drafting Board should propose a list of attached projects to implement the 2030 Program, each project should clarify the key objectives and set specific action plan to enable the implementation.
Sharing the same opinion with Dr. Ha, Dr. Nguyen Minh Hong - President of Viet Nam Digital Communication Association said that the Party and Government are focusing on promoting digital transformation and development of industrial revolution 4.0, but these issues seem to be vague and do not appear outstanding in the draft Program.
In addition, it is necessary to supplement and amend the Draft to highlight the importance of technology research and development and hi-tech products in the field of network security, he added.
Mr. Dang Dinh Luyen - Former Vice Chairman of the Law Committee of the National Assembly
Mr. Dang Dinh Luyen - Former Vice Chairman of the Law Committee of the National Assembly, said that the draft Program only states that non-state budget mobilizing in the period 2020-2025 would reach at least 2.500 billion VND and at least 6.000 billion VND for the period 2025-2030 but does not mention state budget. Therefore, it is suggested that the drafting agency should make budget source and estimated amount from the state spending on the program clear for agencies and organizations to implement the program.
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dang Ngoc Dinh - Center for Community Support and Development Studies
Mr. Doan Nang - Former Director of Legal Department, Ministry of Science and Technology
At the seminar, scientists and experts contributed valuable insights to the National Program of high technology development to 2030 which pointed out that, firstly, application and development of leading technology as an indispensable trend, therefore, this issue should be placed in the national development strategy with high political determination; secondly, approaching, transferring and mastering advanced technologies, especially source technology on the path of cooperation and international integration; thirdly, identifying priority areas in high technology application and development to pinpoint breakthrough elements in the 2030 Program; fourthly, mobilizing social resources, focusing on high technology development investment.
To apply and develop leading technology, all countries must invest heavily in scientific research and technology development from the state budget and from enterprises’s. National high-tech development programs are often used by countries to mobilize, coordinate and promote the essential resources effectively.